Saman Dance

Saman dance created and developed by the ulama of Aceh, a Muslim religious leader named Sheikh Saman. Originally this dance is only an ordinary game called Pok Ane. Because the public has a high interest in the disisipilah with poems of praise to Allah SWT. So this dance is also a media propaganda at that time. Exercise is usually done under the under menasah. Meunasah mushalla the building is made ​​of the stage. And they do not miss his prayers in congregation. Conditions in Aceh are in a war, then the poems were made to increase the morale of the people of Aceh. Today this dance is more frequently in performances at local celebrations, religious. Tari Saman began to show off during performances at the Cultural Week of Aceh (PKA) II and the inauguration of Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (Taman Mini). Saman at TMII tumultuous roar not only the archipelago but to foreign countries.

Saman lyric used Arabic and Aceh. This dance does not have the accompaniment of the game, because the arm movements and poems sung and with bodies flung in all directions in a single synchronization, has made ​​the atmosphere become excited. But now, the dance that comes from the Gayo highlands are usually often displayed using the accompaniment of musical instruments like drums.



Songs (the movements of dance) is basically the same, namely to clap hands, claps and pats his chest above the knees, raised his hands up in turn. Songs that are used in dance saman are not fixed (except rengum). Where poetry and rhythm changes according to place, time and situation of the show. So there is no standard for poetry saman dance. Saman can be divided according to place of origin: Saman Gayo in Aceh and the Middle East, Saman Lokop in East Aceh, West Aceh Saman Aceh Barat.
Led by a so-called Syech. Almost all Acehnese dances performed abuzz. This requires cooperation and mutual trust between Syech with the dancers. Because dance is based on a dynamic motion, fast, and high concentrations so that the dance group is widely played by male dancers. But now also been played by a female dancer or a mixture.
Activities of this dance is usually performed to celebrate the birth of Prophet Muhammad, or other important events in the indigenous people of Aceh. Initially the show saman played with poetry-themed symbols of proselytizing or religious teachings. Developments finally made saman themed poems, such as about the development, customs, agriculture, youth and others. How to sing songs in the Saman dance is divided into 5 types:

  1. Rengum, the roar (murmur) that begins by the lifter.
  2. Tones, namely Regnum which was soon followed by all dancers.
  3. Redet, which is short with a short sound track sung by a dancer in the middle of the dance.
  4. Syek, the song sung by a dancer with a long high-pitched voice, usually as a sign of change in motion
  5. Saur, the song that is repeated by all the dancers once sung by a solo dancer.

In every show it all in motion synergize to result in an amazing dance. So Saman strength lies not only in his verse alone, but the motion of a compact be more value in the dance. This may be realized from the compliance of the dancers in their respective roles to play. Sample lyric saman about youth as below.


Syair dalam bahasa Aceh Gayo Syair dalam bahasa Indonesia
Persalaman
  1. Rengum/ Dering
Hmm laila la aho Hmm laila la aho Hoya-hoya, sarre e hala lem hahalla Lahoya hele lem hehelle le enyan-enyan Ho lam an laho

Aum/ Koor Aum
:   Hmm tiada Tuhan selain Allah Hmm tiada Tuhan selain Allah Begitulah-begitulah semua kaum Bapak begitu pula kaum ibu Nah itulah-itulah Tiada Tuhan selain Allah
 
  1. Salam Kupenonton
Salamualikum kupara penonton Laila la aho Simale munengon kami berseni Lahoya, sarre e hala lem hahalla Lahoya hele lem hehelle Le enyan-enyan Ho lam an laho Salamni kami kadang gih meh kona Laila la aho Salam merdeka ibuh kin tutupe Hiye sigenyan enyan e alah Nyan e hailallah Laila la aho, ala aho

Salam Kepada Penonton
:   Assalamualaikum ya para penonton
Tiada Tuhan selain Allah Yang hendak melihat kami berseni Begitu pula semua kaum bapak Begitu pula kaum ibu Nah itulah-itulah Tiada Tuhan selain Allah Salam kami mungkin tidak semua kena Tiada tuhan selain allah Salam merdeka dijadikan penutupnya Ya itulah, itulah, aduh Itulah, kecuali Allah Tiada tuhan selain Allah, selain allah
 
Uluni Lagu/ Kepala lagu
  1. Asalni Kededes
Asalni kededes kedie Asalni kededes ari ulung kele keramil Sentan ire rempil kedie Sentan irerempil he kemenjadi jadi bola Asalni kededes kedie Asalni kededes ari ulung kele keramil Sentan irerempil kedie Sentan irerempil he kemenjadi jadi bola Asalni kededes kedie Asalani kededes ari ulung ke le keramil Sentan irerempil kedie Santan irerempil he menjadi jadi bola Inget-inget bes yoh ku ine e
 
Asal Bola Daun Kelapa :   Asal bola daun kelapa kiranya Asal bola daun kelapa dari daun kelapa Begitu dijalin-jalin kiranya Begitu di jalin-jalin ia menjadi-jadi bola Asal bola daun kelapa kiranya Asal bola daun kelapa dari daun kelapa Begitu dijalin-jalin kiranya Begitu di jalin-jalin ia menjadi-jadi bola Asal bola daun kelapa kiranya Asal bola daun kelapa dari daun kelapa Begitu dijalin-jalin kiranya Begitu di jalin-jalin ia menjadi-jadi bola Ingat-ingat awas sayangku aduh ibu
 
  1. Salam Ni Rempelis Mude
Oreno nge tewah ari beras beras padi Ya hoya, oi manuk kedidi He menjadi rem rempelis mude Ne inget bes inget bes Oi kiri sikuen kiri Ara salamualaikum, rata bewene Ara kesawah jamuni kami Ne inget-inget bes yohku Kuguncang male kuguncang Salamualaikum rata bewene Ne inget bes mien yohku Ingatin bang tudung Oi mude kin ulung mude Ipantasan mulo
Salam dari Rampelis Mude (Rampelis Mude nama sanggar) :
  O runduk sudah rebah dari beras beras padi Ya, begitulah oi burung kedidi Hai menjadi Rempelis Muda Oh ibu, ingat awas, awas Oi yang dikiri dikanan-kiri Assalamualaikum, rata semuanya Adakah tiba tamu kami Oh ibu, inga-ingat, awas sayangku Ku guncang akan ku guncang Assalamualaikum rata semuanya Oh, ibu ungat awas lagi sayangku Digantilah tudung Oi muda untuk daun uda Dipercepat dulu.
 
Lagu-lagu
  1. Le Alah Payahe
He le ala payahe kejang E kejang mufaedah payah musemperne Enge ke engon ko kuseni ruesku Senangke atemu kami lagu nini Ine inget-inget bes mien yoh ku ine Oho ingatin bang tudung uren Awin gere kedie muselpak Jangko gere kedie muleno Beluh gere kedie berulak Jarak gere kedie mudemu Ine ilingang lingeken mulo Yoh kukiri sikuen kiri Tatangan katasan Enti lale cube die ine Awin gere kedie muselpak Jangko gere kedie muleno Beluh gere kedie berulak Jarak gere kedie mudemu Jadi bang mulongingku ine O kejang teduhmi ningkah Ike payah teduhmi kite Ike gaduh tuker mulo
 
Aduh Payahnya :   Hai, aduh payahnya, payah lelah E, lelah berfaedah, payah memuaskan Sudahlah kau lihat sendi ruasku Senangkah kamu kami seperti ini Oh ibu, ingat-ingat lagi sayangku, oh ibu Oho, diganti dulu payung hujan Di tarik, tidaklah nanti patah Dijangko tidaklah nanti rebah Pergi tidaklah nanti kembali Jauh tidaklah lagi bertemu Oh ibu, di goyang, di geleng dulu Hai ke kiri, ke kanan-kiri Angkatlah lebih tinggi Jangan lalai cobalah dulu, oh ibu Di tarik, tidaklah nanti patah Dijangko tidaklah nanti rebah Pergi tidaklah nanti kembali Jauh tidaklah lagi bertemu Cukuplah dulu adikku, oh ibu Oh, capek berhenti dulu meningkah Jika payah berhenti dulu kita Jika letih tukar dulu
 
  1. Balik Berbalik
Iye balik berbalik Gelap uram terang uren urum sidang Simunamat punce wae ala aho He nyan e hae ala aho Aho - aho - aho Iye balik berbalik Gelap uram terang uren urum sidang Simunamat punce wae ala aho He nyan e hae ala aho Aho - aho - aho
 
Balik Berbalik ::   Iya ku balik berbalik Gelap dengan terang, hujan dengan teduh Yang nmemegang punca Dialah, Ya Tuhan Itulah dia, ya Tuhan Ya Allah - Ya Allah - Ya Allah Iya ku balik berbalik Gelap dengan terang, hujan dengan teduh Yang nmemegang punca Dialah, Ya Tuhan Itulah dia, ya Tuhan Ya Allah - Ya Allah - Ya Allah
 
Penutup
  1. Gere Kusangka
Gere kusangka, aha kenasibku bese Berumah rerampe ehe itepini paya Berumah rerampe ehe itepini paya Suyeni uluh, nge turuh supue sange Mago-mago bese aku putetangak mata Mago-mago bese aku putetangak mata Tetea tetar ahar reringe petepas Gere kidie melas dengan naik iruangku Gere kidie melas dengan naik iruangku

 
Tidak Kusangka :   Tidak kusangka, aha kalau nasibku begini Berumah rerumputan ditepinya rawa Berumah rerumputan ditepinya rawa Tiangnya bambu, sudah bocor atap dari pimping Sulit-sulit begitu aku berputih mata Sulit-sulit begitu aku berputih mata Lantainya belahan bambu, dindingnya pun tepas Tidakkah kiranya menyesal saudara naik kerumahku Tidakkah kiranya menyesal saudara naik kerumahku

 
  1. Kemutauh Uren
Kemutauh uren ari langit Munerime kedie bumi Kemutauh uren ari langit Munerime kedie bumi I nampaan ara baro renah Cabang tewah ku lawe due Ari abang gih mungkin berubah Bier lopah itumpun kudede Kemutauh uren ari langit Munerime kedie bumi Kemutauh uren ari langit Munerime kedie bumi I nampaan ara baro renah Cabang tewah ku lawe due Ari abang gih mungkin berubah Bier lopah itumpun kudede Kerna langkah ni kami serapah Berizin mi biak sudere Kesediken cerak kami salah Niro maaf kuama ine
Jika Turun Hujan   Jika turun hujan dari langit Menerimakah kiranya bumi Jika turun hujan dari langit Menerimakah kiranya bumi Di nampaan ada waru rendah Cabang rebah ke lawe due Dari abang tidak mungkin berubah Biar pisau tancapkan ke dada Jika turun hujan dari langit Menerimakah kiranya bumi Jika turun hujan dari langit Menerimakah kiranya bumi Di nampaan ada waru rendah Cabang rebah ke Lawe Due Dari abang tidak mungkin berubah Biar pisau tancapkan ke dada Karena langkah kami segera bergegas Mohon izin kepada sanak saudara Sekiranya ucapan kami salah Mohon maaf kepada ibu-bapak

 Values ​​in the Tari Saman
Saman dance in the beginning with persalaman consisting of rengum and greetings. If observed carefully praising and encouraging their actual name of Allah with lafadz;


Hmm laila la ho
Hmm laila la ho
Hmm tiada Tuhan selain Allah
Hmm tiada Tuhan selain Allah


If you see this Saman dance performances, you will be stopped immediately when he heard the murmur of the dancers and come late along with the emotions of the dancers. Rengum it is spoken in a low voice but echoes. Thrilling stage and the souls of the dancers and the audience. There was a silence directly created at the time. Spectators are invited to participate in mentauhidkan God's wisdom.

Dance movement itself is still very limited and simple. Head bowed and hands to be worshiped. Regum show submission to Allah, also serves to equate vocal and concentration. Having created the atmosphere of reverent and then proceed with persalaman. Greeting addressed to the audience and the various parties by saying Assalamualaikum. then asked for permission to play Saman (manners and ethics).

After shaking hands then continued with the Ulu Ni song. It literally means head ulu ni song. But here means more variety-variety dance movement. The scene of this song ni ulu movement has varied, kesenyawaan between gestures, pat chest - the body and head movements. But the movement is still sluggish. Solemn atmosphere is still felt here. This section is like a warm-up before we are invited in ecstasy Saman other fast motion. Then known as the sheikh in a shrill voice will memberkan on cue at the end of the motion signify ulu ni song that will soon change the motion and entered the fast rhythm of the verse saying:


Inget-inget pongku - male i guncang
Ingat -ingat teman akan diguncang


At half the songs. This round was the culmination saman dance movement. The dancers are required optimal concentration and stamina. Apart from having to move quickly this round is also interspersed with the vocals together (crane). The whole movement look at the velocity of the hand strikes the chest, thighs or clapping, body movements simultaneously up-down or crossed, body tilted left - left to right in unison and crossbones (novice kuwen), head movements and head nodding rapidly rotating under ( girik), and the passage of a finger. Interspersed with slow movement that begins greeting words of the sheikh.
 

Similarly, repetitive movement between fast and slow, to the accompaniment of a few songs. In addition to dancers who brought in fast motion and kedinamisannya ecstasy, the penontonpun go hold your breath following the turn of the rise and fall motion and rhythm of dance. How beautiful enchanted in motion. Because of the speed and uniformity are stunningly attractive that you seemed to join in the rhythm of dancers moving in unison.
 

Then you are invited to relax tension and restore breathing in Ni-half aunt Kemuh which means literally cure motion. Accompanied by singing a simple and low tones are not pushy. If the condition of the dancers have been recovered, started fast motion that begins on cue by the sheikh with a variety of other motion. At the time of peak motion of the passionate, vocal accompaniment stops only visible motion only. Here there was no sound except the sound beating, chest stomping, clapping, thigh meghentak in traction quickly. You can imagine the atmosphere created at the time. Fast motion without a vowel is then how to create a magical atmosphere for the dancers and the audience.
 

Only after that you will re-watch a simple motion as a cover in the dance saman. In this round is overlooked is the poem, the phrase says, adieu, an apology to the audience and certain parties.
After witnessing the saman dance as a whole you will get an impression of this dance. Could be due to the speed in a magical atmosphere that brought him or you sense when following every move and dance rhythms.


    
(source : http://virtualaceh.com/aceh_art.php)

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